CBU-160 SUPER BLACKJACK | STRATEGIC BOMBER
The CB-160 Super Blackjack is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy bomber that can be used for a number of roles. It can carry out both tactical and strategic strikes using both conventional and nuclear weapons against both land and sea based targets. The CB-160 can function in an "armed overwatch" role, where they loiter over the region maintaining surveillance, ready to support ground troops. The CB-160 can also act as a high altitude launch platform for Anti-Satellite (ASAT) weapons.
The CB-160 Super Blackjack is one of the world's largest combat aircraft, the largest supersonic aircraft, and the largest variable-sweep aircraft ever built. In addition, the CB-160 has one of the greatest total thrust, one of the heaviest takeoff weight of any combat aircraft, and one of the highest top speed of any current heavy bomber.
While similar in appearance to the American B-1 Lancer, the CB-160 is entirely different class of combat aircraft, its primary role being standoff missile platform (strategic missile carrier). CB-160 is also significantly larger and faster than the B-1B and has a greater combat range.
The CB-160 Super Blackjack has a blended wing body configuration, with variable-sweep wing, four turbofan engines, and triangular fin control surfaces. The wings can sweep from 20 degrees to 65 degrees (full forward to full sweep). Forward-swept wing settings are used for takeoff, landings and high-altitude maximum cruise. Aft-swept wing settings are used in high subsonic and supersonic flight. The B-1's variable-sweep wings and thrust-to-weight ratio provide it with better takeoff performance, allowing it to use more runways than previous bombers. The aircraft employs a blended wing profile and full-span slats are used on the leading edges, with double-slotted flaps on the trailing edges.
The CB-160 is powered by four Kuznetsov NK-321 afterburning turbofan engines, the most powerful ever fitted to a combat aircraft. The nose gear cover door has controls for the auxiliary power units (APUs), main gear doors and nearby entry ladder. Controls there allow for quick starts of the APUs upon order to scramble.
The CB-160 is equipped with a probe and drogue in-flight refueling system for extended-range missions. The CB-160's internal fuel capacity of 130 tons gives the aircraft roughly 15-hour flight endurance at a cruise speed of around 850 km/h (Mach 0.77, 530 mph) at 9,145 m (30,003 ft).
Although the CB-160 was designed for reduced detectability to both radar and infrared, it is not a stealth aircraft. To help lower its radar cross section (RCS), the CB-160 uses serpentine air intake ducts and fixed intake ramps. Vanes in the intake ducts serve to deflect and shield radar emissions from the highly reflective engine fan blades.
The CB-160 has a fly-by-wire control system that takes this concept to an entirely new level by the use of next generation fiberoptics. All electronic systems in the CB-160 are shielded against EMP effects as well.
The System Architecture has been what is referred to as “open” intentionally using the MIL-STD-1553 bus. The advantage of an open architecture configuration for its avionics is that operators of the CB-160 will have options to choose from components and systems made by various nations and corporations and integrate them with the minimal amount of effort. The CB-160 systems are equipped with the Fully Integrated Data Link (FIDL). The FIDL allows for electronic data sharing between systems and among the aircraft crew and ground stations.
The CB-160 has a crew of four (pilot, co-pilot, weapons systems officer and defensive systems operator) in ACES II ejection seats, which provide the crew with the option of ejecting safely throughout the entire range of altitudes and air speeds, including when the aircraft is parked. It is equipped with a color, nine-tube, electronic flight instrumentation system (EFIS), which displays flight, engine and sensor data and avionics systems and weapons status. The pilot can choose to activate the appropriate selection of flight and mission equipment for take-off mode, go-to-war mode and landing mode by using a simple three-way switch..
The navigation system is fully integrated and fully supports cruising and steering through global satellite positioning system aid to the onboard autopilot. The aircraft is equipped with a ASN-131 radar altimeter, Kearfott inertial navigation system, a APN-218 Doppler radar velocity sensor (DVS), Honeywell APN-224 radar altimeter, ARN-118 TACAN tactical air navigation system and ARN-108 instrument landing system (ILS).
The communications suite includes ASC-19 AFSATCOM satellite communications, long range ARC-190 HF radio, KY-58 secure voice line-of-sight encryption device, ARC-171 UHF line-of-sight communications radio system, ARR-85 secure or open line-of-sight system and APX-101A IFF (identification friend or foe).
A crew rest area, a toilet, and a small galley are provided for long flights.
The CB-160 has the Irbis-E active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar in a slightly upturned dielectric radome located in the nose as well as a second rear facing array in a tail stinger position, and the AN/APQ-164 radar system, which provides fully automatic terrain-following flight at low altitude.
The Irbis-E is an advanced multi-mode passive electronically scanned array radar system. The radar system provides air-to-air, air-to-sea and air-to-ground (ground mapping, Doppler beam sharpening and Synthetic Aperture radar modes) modes with improved performance in intense clutter environments. In addition, Irbis has been designed to detect low and super-low observable/stealth airborne threats. The Irbis multifunctional radar employs a 900mm passive phased array antenna mounted on a hydraulic actuator. With electronically steering, it can scan sectors of 60 degrees in both azimuth and elevation. Using the hydraulic actuator (mechanical steering), the azimuth coverage boosts to 120 degrees. With nose and “stinger” arrays the CB-160 has 240 degrees of coverage with only narrow windows of 30 degrees to either side that are not covered. The Irbis-E can detect and track up to 30 airborne targets at one time at ranges near 400 kilometers, and attack up to 12. In air-to-surface mode the Irbis-E provides mapping allowing attacking of a surface target with precision-guided weapons while scanning the horizon searching for airborne threats that can be engaged using active radar homing missiles. The Irbis-E has the ability to spot super-low observable targets with RCS equal to 0.01 square meters at ranges out to 90 kilometers. This capability allows the aircraft to engage cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles as well as fifth generation stealth fighter aircrafts such as the F-22 and F-35. The Irbis-E was clearly designed to support ramjet missiles in Beyond Visual Range combat against reduced signature fighters like the Block-II F-18 Hornet and Eurofighter Typhoon.
AN/APQ-164 forward-looking offensive passive electronically scanned array radar set with electronic beam steering (and a fixed antenna pointed downward for reduced radar observability), synthetic aperture radar, ground moving target indicator (MTI), and terrain-following radar modes, Doppler navigation, radar altimeter, and an inertial navigation suite.
The CB-160 incorporates a comprehensive array of optical based systems for the targeting and engagement of targets as well as identifying possible threats to the aircraft. The systems are the Optical Locator System (OLS) and the Intergrated Targeting Combat System (ITCS).
The OLS, a new development from space technologies, incorporates a helmet-mounted and HUD based target designation system providing targeting solutions for both ground and air targets in the forward and aft hemispheres of the aircraft. The most vital difference from the previous IRST sensor is that the new device provides not only a better operation range but also offers manually switchable display options of IR view, TV mode or a mix of both that significantly improves man-machine coordination. The OLS on the nose serves as the IRST while the OLS under the right air intake serves as the ground strike designator.
In air combat, the optronic suite allows:
For ground targets, the suite allows:
Located just behind the nose on the underside of the aircraft is the Intergraded Targeting Combat System (ITCS) blister. The ITCS incorporates a multi-spectral sensor capability with a high-resolution, mid-wave third-generation FLIR and a CCD-TV. Advanced sensors, combined with advanced image processing algorithms and rock-steady stabilization produce target identification ranges that permit operations minimizing exposure to many threat systems. The dual-mode laser offers an eye safe mode for urban combat and training operations, along with a laser-guided bomb designation laser for guiding in these precision munitions. For target coordination with ground and air forces, a laser spot tracker, a laser marker, and a TV quality video down link to joint terminal air controllers and improve rapid target detection / identification. The ITCS also provides high-resolution imagery highly sought after for the non-traditional intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance mission. It is provides for realtime post strike Bomb Damage Assessments (BDAs).
The aircraft employs a sophisticated and highly integrated Defensive Aids Sub-System named Praetorian. Threat detection is provided by a Radar Warning Receiver (RWR) and a Laser Warning Receivers. Protection is provided by Chaff, and Flares, Electronic Counter Measures (ECM) and a Towed Radar Decoy (TRD).
The CB-160's defensive electronics include the AN/ALQ-161A radar warning and defensive jamming equipment, has three antennae; one at the front base of each wing and the third rear-facing in the tail radome. The ALQ-161 is linked to a total of eight AN/ALE-49 flare dispensers located on top behind the canopy, which are handled by the AN/ASQ-184 avionics management system. Each AN/ALE-49 dispenser has a capacity of 12 MJU-23A/B flares. The MJU-23A/B flare is one of the world's largest infrared countermeasure flares at a weight of over 3.3 pounds (1.5 kg).
The CB-160 is also equipped with the AN/ALE-55 Fiber-Optic Towed Decoy. The AN/ALE-55 Fiber-Optic Towed Decoy is an RF (Radio Frequency) countermeasure. The ALE-55 will be primarily used for jamming, specialized countermeasures, and becoming a preferred target. The ALE-55's first form of suppression is standard jamming procedures. The ALE-55 can detect and jam a tracking radar. The aircraft is actually detecting the radar, but the ALE-55, being a decoy, emits jamming signals to confuse the tracking radar. In the case that a radar or radar battery obtains a lock on the aircraft or decoy system, the ALE-55 analyzes the emissions and then determines the optimum jamming technique to break the radar lock. The ALE-55 also possesses the useful ability to send out multiple jamming frequencies if more than one radar is locked on to the decoy or aircraft. When a missile launch is detected, indicated by the difference in radar signal and type, the ALE-55 runs a last resort attempt to protect the aircraft towing it. This last resort is becoming the target, rather than the aircraft. It achieves this by getting between the radar emission and the aircraft, breaking the radar lock from the radar or missile threat, or by staying between the aircraft and radar source, and attempting to lure the missile away from the aircraft.
The CB-160 carries its weapons either in the three weapons bays or on the six external hardpoints under the wing gloves. These external hardpoints can accommodate multiple munitions ejector racks, and besides the carrying of strike munitions can carry Decoys and AAMs. The CB-160 can also carry and deploy UAVs and act as a carrier to launch Anti-Satellite weapons (ASAT) or launch small low orbit payloads.
The internal weapons bays each are capable of holding 20,000 kg (44,400 lb) of free-fall weapons or rotary launcher. The external hardpoints are capable of holding 50,000 lb (22,700 kg) of ordnance. The large size of the bays allow for extremely large sized munitions or systems to be carried. For example each bay can carry and deploy a single 7100 kg VB-1 satellite guided Thermobaric bomb. Based off the old Soviet FOAB, it has a yield of 44 tons / 80,000 Lbs of TNT (compared to the old American MOAB yield of 11 tons/ 20, 000 Lbs)
The aircraft's payload capacity is a total of 45,000 kg (99,208 lb), making it one of the heaviest bombers ever built.